A Glimpse Into Eiffel Tower History

Before you indulge into Eiffel Tower history, you should go back to the end of the 19th century, when Paris was becoming a cultural and art center with its bourgeois salons, clubs and theaters.

At the time, the city was hosting a series of World Exhibitions, unprecedented in history, which attracted millions of visitors from around the world.

Eiffel Tower History

Eiffel Tower History – Exposition Universelle, 1889


It was then, for the 1889 Centennial Exposition, when the french Minister of Commerce and Industry Edouard Lockroy posted a note in Journal Officiel, announcing a bid to construct an iron tower on the Champ de Mars.

107 projects were submitted, and the one to win the contest was the proposal of french entrepreneur Gustave Eiffel, together with engineers Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, and architect Stephen Sauvestre.

Gustave Eiffel was awarded a subsidy to construct the tower and was given the right to operate it for 20 years.

Eiffel Tower construction began on January 28, 1887 and took more than two years to complete. The tower was inaugurated on March 31, 1889 and served as an entrance arc for the World Exhibition. With its original height, the Eiffel Tower took its place in history by being the tallest building in the world until 1930.

Even before it’s construction was completed, the Eiffel Tower caused a strong controversy among french intellectuals. Newspapers were full of letters criticizing the erection of the Eiffel tower, with many of the critics considering it outrageous.

Eiffel Tower cost was also a matter of concern, as it reached almost eight million gold french francs of 1889.

Nevertheless, since its opening for the public, Eiffel Tower visits surpassed 250,000 million, making it the most visited landmark in world’s history.